Medical thrombosis prophylaxis stockings from medi
Whenever we are immobilised in bed or our mobility is restricted, the calf muscle pump, which makes a significant contribution to pumping venous blood back to the heart, is switched off. Medical thrombosis prophylaxis stockings exert pressure (compression) on the superficial veins in the legs. They have a pressure gradient that decreases from the heel to the thigh. The blood can thus then flow back to the heart more quickly through the veins with smaller diameters. This can effectively prevent pooling of the blood in the veins and dangerous blood clots (thromboses).
Every person in Europe has a three percent chance of suffering a thrombosis at some point in his/her life. A vein thrombosis can lead to a pulmonary embolism. This is the third most common cause of death in Germany, which is why thrombosis prophylaxis is an important subject, above all in hospitals, because bed-ridden patients have a particularly high risk of suffering a thrombosis.
Wearing medical thrombosis prophylaxis stockings is recommended for the entire period of immobility or as long as the patient is confined to bed. This is particularly true during resting phases and at night. It is recommended that the patient only stops wearing anti-embolism stockings and continues with compression garments once he or she has regained a physical condition that guarantees a functioning and adequate return of venous blood back to the heart.
Once patients are mobilised, the thrombosis prophylaxis stockings can be taken off for the time they are walking around (see AWMF note for guidance "Medical thrombosis prophylaxis stocking CMTS)", No. 037/006, last revised on 06 May 2004).