Cycling keeps you on the road in everyday life
Cycling is principally suitable for everybody. And the best thing about it: it is kind to the joints and is thus the ideal type of sport for all ages.
Cycling is an endurance sport that stimulates the cardiovascular system and reduces the risk of a heart attack or high blood pressure. Cycling also strengthens the breathing muscles and improves sugar and cholesterol metabolism - and what’s more, it trains our sense of balance and builds up the leg muscles.
Calorie expenditure varies depending on body weight, age, degree of difficulty of the trip and whether the wind’s blowing against you! As a rule of thumb: gentle cycling burns about four to five calories a minute. "You burn fat most effectively by choosing a low gear and cycling continually" advises Professor Helmut Lötzerich, deputy director of the Institute for Natural Sports and Ecology at the German Sport University in Cologne.
Good for the soul and well-being
Specialists confirm that cycling contributes to the relaxing effect - this is due to its constant repetition of the movement. It breaks down so-called stressors – sometimes you can develop a feeling of emotional harmony and a positivity even after a short distance. And even better, after 30 to 40 minutes endurance activities like cycling, happy hormones such as endorphin and adrenalin are released – the very best protection against depression and other emotional problems.
Equipment for cycling
So, now we hope we've whetted your appetite and you're raring to go! However, you should make sure you've got the right kit before you set off. As well as a bike, this includes active breathing outer clothing, a tool kit and a helmet. Furthermore: take plenty to drink with you – preferably water or fruit juice mixed with sparkling water. Cycling makes you thirsty.
Like swimming, cycling has the advantage that one doesn’t have to carry one’s own body weight - a non weight loading exercise. This protects the joints. Cycling strengthens the cardiovascular system and stimulates fat metabolism. Furthermore, the body’s ability to absorb oxygen is improved.
Safety checks for the bike
It is vital to service your bike each year, preferably at a specialist bike repair shop. They will closely inspect the tyres, brakes, gears, chain, nuts and bolts, handlebars, bearings, saddle pillar and lights and repair any little defects immediately.
Cycling is kind to the body and a relatively safe affair. But you should still take a few precautions to effectively prevent postural problems and pain.
For example, if your feet turn numb while cycling, you should check your footwear. If your feet are in the wrong position while pedalling, you can irritate the nerves and this leads to pins and needles and numbness.
A stiff neck, back pain, numbness in the hands and toes, a sore bottom or knee pain can all come from the wrong handlebars height or a badly positioned saddle. Dr. Achim Schmidt, cycling expert at the Sport University in Cologne, recommends: "Set the saddle horizontally and measure the height of the saddle by sitting on the bike and stretching a leg out. Place your foot with the heel on the pedal at the lowest point of the crank turn. The knee should be straight. If you can only just sit on the saddle in this position, it's at the right height". The handlebars are correctly positioned if the back muscles are in pretension, i.e. when the muscles of the back and abdomen are tense. Because this is the only way in which they can stabilise the spinal column and protect against overstrain. The height of the handlebars is different for each type of bike. If you develop pain in the neck, in the shoulders and in the back, you should change the height of the handlebars. To prevent back pain, you should also make sure the sitting position is correct: the pelvis is in the right position if the spinal column is "S"-shaped and forms a natural hollow back.